Common names: Rott, and Rottie
- Dog Breed Group: Working
- Life span: 8-10 years
Weight: 75-110 pounds
Height: 22 to 27 inches at the shoulder
The Rottweiler, known in German as Rottweiler Metzgerhund, are domestic dogs whose main use was to herd livestock and pull carts laden with butchered meat to the market. Today, although herding is still practiced by some Rottweiler owners, this breed is now primarily used as search and rescue dogs, as guard dogs, and as police dogs. They have a bad reputation in the dog world due to their aggressive and territorial nature, but beyond these traits, lies a silly and endearing dog. Early training and socialization will harness the breed’s territorial nature in a positive way.
The Rottweiler is a medium to large-size dog capable of feats of strength, speed, and agility. This breed packs quite a bite force and is ranked in the top 10 most powerful bite force for dogs. Its coat consists of an outer coat and an undercoat. The outer coat is of medium length, coarse, dense and flat. The undercoat should be present on the neck and thighs.
Rottweilers are generally healthy, but like all breeds, they are prone to certain health conditions. As with medium to large-sized dogs, Rottweilers might have trouble with hip and elbow dysplasia. Heart conditions such as Aortic Stenosis/Sub-aortic Stenosis (AS/SAS) might also be present. Lastly, bone cancer is a serious threat to this breed, so make sure to get all sorts of evaluations and exams for this breed.
The breed has a medium-length outer coat that lies flat, as well as an undercoat which is present on the thighs and neck. Weekly brushing and regular bathing are highly recommended. Rottweilers typically shed very moderately over the year, although they will shed profusely twice a year, usually in the spring and fall. Their teeth should be brushed and nails trimmed weekly to prevent discomfort and pain.
Rottweilers are full of energy, and they love outdoor activities such as swimming, walking, and jogging especially with their owners. The breed is muscular and athletic, and should always have the opportunity to exercise on a daily basis. As working dogs, Rottweilers excel in labor-type jobs such as carting, as well as tasks like herding and carting. There is no limit to what this breed can do, so make sure to bring them to their full potential.
Make sure to give them high-quality dog food appropriate for the dog’s age, as this type of food will have all the nutrients the breed needs. You can also provide homemade food with your veterinarian’s supervision and approval. This type of dog is prone to getting overweight, so make sure to manage his meals. Treats can be used for training, but too much can cause obesity. Fresh water should be available at all times.
Rottweilers are large, powerful dogs which require extensive socialization and training from early puppyhood. Although some may be stubborn, the breed is intelligent, highly trainable and wants to please its owner. It is very important that discipline be consistent, fair, and firm, without being rough. They do not do well isolated from humans and life experiences.
- The Rottweiler descends from dogs used by the Romans to drive the herds of cattle that fed the army as it marched through Europe.
- Rottweilers are surprisingly sensitive and may experience separation anxiety.