Common names: Chinese pug and Dutch mastiff
- Dog Breed Group: Companion Dog
Life span: 12-15 years
Weight: 14-18 pounds
Height: 10 inches tall to 1 foot and 2 inches at the shoulder
In ancient times, Pugs were bred to be companions for ruling families in China. Pugs later spread through Europe and quickly became favorites of royal households. They even played a role in the history of many of these noble families. The Pugs became very popular during the Victorian era and were featured in many paintings, postcards, and figurines of the period.
Pugs are described by the Latin phrase multum in parvo means “much in little”, alluding to the dog’s remarkable and charming personality despite its size. He is playful, comical, and delights his owner with silly antics. They also tend to be intuitive and sensitive to the moods of their owner. They are often called “shadows” because they follow their owners around, craving attention and affection. However, no matter how nice these dogs are, like others, they can develop obnoxious levels of barking, digging, and other undesirable behaviours if they are bored, untrained, or unsupervised.
While the pugs that are depicted in eighteenth-century displays to be long and lean, the modern breed preferences have a compact form, deep chest, well-developed muscles, and square cobby body which should ideally weigh no more than 20 pounds. Their heads are large and round, with big, bulging eyes. They also have deep and distinct wrinkles on their faces. Pugs have a shot, double coat which is known for shedding profusely. Their smooth and glossy coats can be fawn, apricot fawn, silver fawn, or black. They do best in moderate climates–not too hot nor too cold- but with proper care, Pugs can be their adorable selves anywhere.
Because of their lack of longer snouts, Pugs do not tolerate heat well and are prone to breathing difficulties. The flat shape of the Pug’s face makes them susceptible to heatstroke because the air going into the lungs isn’t cooled as efficiently as it is among longer-nosed breeds. They should be kept indoors in air-conditioning rooms during hot weather. The Pugs tend to snore and gasps for air, surgery can correct both pinched nostrils and elongated soft palate. Because their teeth are crowded into their flattened face, Pugs are prone to dental problems. It may be necessary to retained puppy teeth. It is also very common for Pugs to develop eye injuries because their eyes are so prominent. They may develop dry eyes, corneal ulcers, pigmentary keratitis, and entropion. Not all of the conditions are noticeable in a growing puppy that is why it is important to screen their stock for health conditions from responsible breeders.
Despite their short coats, Pugs shed a lot, especially in summer. It Is recommended t brush the smooth coat weekly with a rubbery curry brush. Regular bathing will help to keep the coat clean and at its best. The Pugs wrinkles especially the deep nose roll must be cleaned daily or weekly with a dampened cosmetic sponge or baby wipe so they don’t become infected. Trim the nails as needed, usually every week or two. Clean the inner corners of the eyes daily with a damp washcloth to minimize staining.
Pugs are fond of eating which makes obesity a real possibility. But Pugs are lively too, they become playful and sturdy to their owner which is a great opportunity for exercise, such walks or play sessions in the yard. Yet it is vital to remember that these active dogs are short-faced breed and are not tolerant of hot weather. They should not do strenuous activities in a warm and humid environment.
These dogs are recommended to have a daily amount of ½ to 1 cups of high-quality dry food a day, divided into two meals. Pug should do well on high-quality dog food, whether it is commercial or home-prepared as long as it is supervised and approved by the vet. They are prone to obesity, therefore calorie consumption and weight level should be monitored often and clean fresh water should be available at all times
- In Holland, the Pug became the official dog of the House of Orange after a Pug reportedly saved the life of William, Prince of Orange, by giving him a warning that the Spaniards were approaching in 1572.
- Famous women in history owned pugs. Marie Antoinette had a Pug named Mops. Another famous Frenchwoman, Josephine Bonaparte had a Pug named Fortune. She was confined at Les Carmes prison. Since her beloved Pug was the only “visitor” she was allowed, she would conceal messages in his collar to take her family.
- In 2009, Chester Ludlow the pug received an online graduate degree from Rochville University. A week later, he received his grades, degree, and a school window decal in the mail. He received a 3.19 and got an A in Finance.