Common names: Deutscher Spitz, Zwergspitz, Dwarf-Spitz, Pom-Dog, Pom-Pom, Pom, Zwers, Tumbleweed
Dog Breed Group: Toy Dogs
Life span: 12-16 years
Weight: 3-7 pounds
Height: 6-7 inches
Pomeranian dogs are the type of dog species that originated from breeding of Spitz-type dogs. Its name is acquired from Pomerania. Although not the origin of the breed, this area is credited with breeding which led to the original Pomeranian type of dog. Pom-poms are typically friendly, lively, and playful. But don’t be fooled by their cuteness however Pomeranians are aggressive with other dogs and humans. Luckily, if they are properly socialized with other dogs and animals, they generally get quite well with them. These independent, bold dogs have minds of their own which makes them good home dwellers. Poms are intelligent, and they generally are good at learning tricks. They have a lot of energy and enjoy going for walks. They also have a loud bark and make excellent watchdogs.
Pomeranian weighs 3 to 7 pounds and is 6 to 7 inches in height. The earliest examples of the breed were white, brown, and black. In modern times, the Pomeranian comes in the widest variety of colors, including white, black, brown, red, orange, cream, blue, sable, black and tan, brown and tan, spotted, brindle, and parti, plus combinations of those colors. The most common colors are orange, black, or cream/white. Pomeranians have a thick, double coat. The outer coat is long, straight, and harsh in texture while the undercoat is soft, thick and short. Their dark, almond-shaped eyes sparkle with intelligence and curiosity. Their noses can be dark or the same color as their coats. Their distinctive plumed tail fans out over their back.
Most Poms live long and have a healthy life but just like many other dogs, they may be affected by health problems such as collapsing trachea which makes it difficult for the dog to breathe. Eyes can be another problem for Poms. Progressive retinal atrophy, tear duct problems and cataracts are among the eye conditions that occur in the breed. Some Pomeranians also develop a coat condition that goes by many names: black-skin disease, genetic alopecia, elephant skin, or severe hair loss
Though Pomeranians have a thick, double coat, they are not difficult to groom. Breeders recommend that brushing with a pin brush and a slicker brush should be done a few times a week to maintain the quality of the coat because of the thickness and the constant shedding. Trimming its coat can also be done once every 1-2 months. Bathing can also be done as often as long as mild dog shampoo and conditioner is used. Since Pomeranians are prone to dental problems, it is a good idea to brush their teeth at least once a week with a vet-approved pet toothpaste. Since Pomeranians are active dogs, it is important to keep their nails short.
The extroverted Pomeranians love to meet and play with new people and get along well with other animals. Although energetic and they benefit from frequent attention, Pomeranians need relatively small exercise. It is recommended to take them on several daily walks and let them run on enclosed spaces. But sometimes they can become dominant, wilful, and stubborn if not well trained and socialized. Also, they can bark at anything out of the ordinary. This can spell disaster if they decide to chase a bigger dog that they think is encroaching upon their territory. Therefore being cautious of surroundings during walks and properly socializing the dog is suggested.
These dogs are recommended to have a daily amount of ¼ to ½ cups of high-quality dry food a day, divided into two meals. The Pomeranian should do well on high-quality dog food, whether it is commercial or home-prepared as long as it is supervised and approved by the vet. Some dogs are prone to overweight, therefore calorie consumption and weight level should be monitored often and clean fresh water should be available at all times
- Blue Pomeranians are not blue. Instead, blue Pomeranians are distinguished by the color of his nose. They have dull black fur and noses with a bit of blue coloring in them.
- Before being bred to smaller animals they are today, Poms can eventually weigh 20 pounds, they are known as “throwback” Pomeranians which closely resembles the Spitz breed. These types of Pomeranian used to Pull sleds and herd reindeers.
- Queen Victoria made Pomeranians popular. She became a staunch advocate for Pomeranians and is credited for breeding them from larger 20-pound dogs to smaller six-pound ones.
- Michaelangelo had a Pomeranian by his side as he painted the ceiling of the Sistine Chapel.
- In 1912, two Pomeranians were among only three dogs to survive the sinking RMS Titanic.