Common names: Hungarian Commonmop, Hungarian Sheepdog, and Mop Dog
Dog Breed Group: Working
Life span: 10-12 years
Weight: 80-100 pounds
Height: 25.5 to 27.5 inches at the shoulder
The Komondor, also known as the Hungarian Sheepdog, is a large, white-colored dog known for its mop-like coat and guarding capabilities. As a working dog, this breed specializes in guarding livestock and other property. The Komondor has been regarded as one of Hungary’s national treasures, to be preserved and protected from breed modifications. This breed is primarily built for guarding livestock, and because of this, their temperament is like that of most livestock guarding dogs; it is calm and steady when things are normal, but in case of danger, they will fearlessly defend their territory. It is bred to think for itself and make decisions based on the situation it is currently in. It is generally friendly towards children and family, and although wary of strangers, they are willing to accept them as long as they see that they are not a threat.
The Komondor is a large breed. In fact, it is one of the larger breeds of dogs. The body is covered with a heavy, matted, corded coat. As a puppy, its coat is soft and fluffy. As it matures, the coat becomes wavy and tends to curl. A fully mature coat is formed naturally from the soft undercoat and the coarser outer coat combining to form tassels or cords and will take about two years to form. Some help is needed in separating the cords so the dog does not turn into one large matted mess.
There are no known health problems specific to Komondors. Just like every other medium to large-sized dogs, this breed might suffer from hip and elbow dysplasia. Bloat, a serious and life-threatening condition, might also be present, so make sure to be aware of the early signs and symptoms of bloat to minimize and avoid greater damages to the dog.
This breed has a thick, mop-like coat, so extra care and attention are especially needed to groom a Komondor. It is recommended not to brush its coat, but do wash it regularly. The coat is prone to clumping, so it is highly necessary to split the clumps, or else it will worsen. When bathing, use dilute shampoo because shampoo is particularly hard to remove from its coat. Overall, grooming for this breed is highly challenging yet fun at the same time.
Komondors are highly energetic and athletic, so sufficient exercise is needed for them. Free-running time in a large, secured, and fenced area is recommended as well as going for walks and socializing with other dogs. Because of their guardian instincts, they tend to be wary of other dogs, so make sure to give them a lot of socializing.
Komondors surprisingly don’t require a lot of food for their size; they will sometimes skip their meal if they are not hungry, and will do well on a high-quality dog food appropriate to the dog’s age. Some owners note that too much protein can cause scratching, hotspots, or other skin reactions. Give table scraps sparingly, if at all, especially avoiding cooked bones and foods with high-fat content.
This intelligent breed is surprisingly to train. The key to training thi dogs is not force or repetition, but making training fun. Though they are independent thinkers it is important to engage this dog in obedience training and a clear understanding that its owner is in charge.
- Komondors are related to the Pulis, are descended from Russian stock, and may be among the oldest of the dog breeds.
- These large dogs are very protective of their homes and owners and also receive a lot of attention at competitive dog shows.