Common names: Doberman


  • Dog Breed Group: Working

  • Life span: 10 years

  • Weight: 66-88 pounds

  • Height: 24-28 inches


Affection Level
Apartment friendly
Barking Tendencies
Cat Friendly
Child friendly
Dog friendly
Exercise Needs
General Health
Shedding level
Social Needs
Stranger Friendly
Watchdog Ability

The Doberman Pinscher, or Doberman, is a medium-large breed dog that was originally developed around 1890 in Germany. Although having a reputation as a sharp and even sinister dog, the Doberman is actually one of the most loving and loyal of companions. A well-trained Doberman is a stable, friendly dog – unless you threaten his family. The breed’s intelligence is off the charts, and is considered as one of the most intelligent dog breeds. Because of this, he is highly trainable and are perfect guard dogs and watch dogs. This intelligence should be paid attention because sometimes Dobermans are capable of outsmarting their owners. People who want to own this breed must have the patience and commitment to train and attend to this faithful best friend.

The Doberman’s appearance is his signature trait. It has two color genes: Black and Color Dilution. Its size is medium-large, with ideal height and weight described as 24-28 inches and 66-88 pounds respectively. It has a square frame; its length should equal to its height to the withers and the length of its head, neck and legs should be in proportion to its body. The Doberman originally has a naturally long tail, but individual dogs often have a short tail as a result of docking, a controversial procedure in which the majority of the tail is surgically removed shortly after birth. This is done so that the fairly long tail would not get in the way of this working dog.

Although Dobermans are generally healthy, there are certain conditions that the breed is prone to. Because of its size, hip and elbow dysplasia might be present, as well as other conditions such as cardiomyopathy (enlarged heart), von Willebrand’s disease, progressive retinal atrophy, albinism, and hypothyroidism. The most dangerous condition to watch out for, however, is bloat, a life-threatening digestive disorder that occurs when the stomach is distended with gas or air and then twists. Owners should make sure to have their Dobermans get evaluations and health exams to know more.

The breed’s coat is fairly easy to groom; it is often called as a “wash and wear” type. A quick going-over daily with a short-bristled brush or a grooming mitt will keep his coat shiny and healthy. It does not need to be bathed often. Its nails should be trimmed at least monthly and teeth brushed regularly. The ears should be wiped out carefully every few days using baby oil on a paper.

The Doberman is a compactly-built dog – muscular, fast, and powerful – and it is full of energy and athleticism, so a lot of exercise and free play are necessary to keep the dog physically and mentally healthy. This breed enjoys long daily walks or hikes with his owner as well having free play inside a large fenced area. Participation in canine sports such as obedience, tracking, and agility will also provide exercise for its body and mind.

The Doberman should be fed with high-quality dog food approved by the dog’s breeder and veterinarian throughout his lifetime. Table scraps are not recommended, since the breed’s condition can be affected if it is not given the proper diet it needs. Treats can be used for training, but giving too many can cause obesity, so make sure to not go overboard with it. Since this breed is highly prone to bloat, make sure to feed them the right amount of food daily.

Dobermans are intelligent, learn easily and respond quickly but they can be aggressive and uncontrollable if untrained well. They need an alpha-type owner who is strong, patient and dedicated because they can become bored and destructive. The Dobie needs early socialization and training to ensure that it grows up to be a well-rounded dog.

  • Decades of breeding has made the Doberman gentler. The first Dobermans were bred to be fierce and only the toughest dogs were selected to carry out the breed.
  • Dobermans, although rare, can be albino in coloration.