Common names: Wiener dog, badger dog or sausage dog
Dog Breed Group: Hound Dogs
Life span: 12-15 years
Weight: 16-32 pounds(adult), 11 pounds and under (miniature)
Height: 8-9 inches (adult), 5-6 inches (miniature)
Dachshund came from German origin which means “badger dog”, but because of their long, narrow build, they are often nicknamed as wiener dog or sausage dog. Dachshunds are scent hound dogs that were bred to hunt badgers and other tunneling animals like rabbits and foxes. Today they are described as clever, playful, for being loyal to their family, and excellent watchdogs that is why they rank 12th among the most popular dog breeds in America. But this small, drop-eared dog may be stubborn and aggressive when approached with unfamiliar faces.
Dachshund comes in two sizes: the standard, weighing 16-32 pounds, and the miniature 11 pounds and under. They also come in three coat varieties: smooth coat, longhaired, and wirehaired. All these coat types come in a variety of colors and markings, including solid-colored, dappled, and marked with white. The dachshund personality can also vary with the coat type. Wirehaired Dachshund has terrier breeds in their background therefore they can be mischievous troublemakers. Meanwhile, Longhairs are calm and quiet. The smooth coat type has a personality that lies in between the two.
Since Dachshunds have extremely long spinal column and short rib cage, they are prone to spinal problems especially intervertebral disk disease (IVDD). The risks may be worsened by obesity, jumping, rough handling or intense exercise which is why one must protect its back by holding it correctly and it is a good idea to have ramps or steps up to furniture so Dachshunds’ do not injure its back jumping on or off the sofa or bed.
Dachshunds have three coat types. The smooth-coated Dachshunds require the least amount of grooming for their fur is short. Bushing with grooming mitt every few days to remove loose hairs, and bathing every few months are only needed. Meanwhile, Long-haired breed is likely to become tangled and matted therefore it is advisable to give them a brush at least once a day yet they are not required to bathe very often, once in every three months or so, or more if they get dirty is enough.
Because of their body physique, Dachshunds need regular exercise to build strong muscles to support and protect their back. Also similar to other dogs, they need early exposure with people, sights, sounds, and experiences. Socialization helps ensure that your dog grows to be a well-rounded one. It is recommended to have two half-mile walks per day. Occasionally when time is short, a game of fetch will meet their need for activity.
These dogs are recommended to have a daily amount of ½ to 1 ½ cups of high-quality dry food a day. However, the quantity of food depends on its size, age, build, metabolism, and activity level. A high active dog will need more food than a couch potato type. The quality of dog food also assists the growth of the dog- the better the dog food, the further it will go toward nourishing the dog and the less quality it contains the more amount is needed to fill into the dog’s bowl. Some dogs are prone to overweight, therefore calorie consumption and weight level should be monitored often and clean fresh water should be available at all times
- The Nazi scientists claimed they had taught one of these dogs to read, speak, spell, and communicate through telepathy because Germans believed that dogs were nearly intelligent as humans.
- Artists love Dachshunds. Andy Warhol brought his Dachshund, Doxie to interviews, and let the dog answer the questions he didn’t like. Lump, the pet of Pablo Picasso, was thought to inspire some of his artwork. Picasso & Lump: A dachshund’s Odessy tells the story of Picasso and Lump
- A Dachshund is Britain’s first cloned dog. Rebecca Smith had her 12-year-old Dachshund, Winnie, cloned. The dog resemblance is striking.