Common names: Persian longhair
Life span: 10-15 years
Weight: 7-12 pounds
Height: 14-18 inches
Coat characteristic: Silky
Coat color: White, Red, Cream, Black, Blue, Chocolate, Lilac, Silver, Golden, Cameo, Tortoiseshell, Blue-cream, Brown, Calico, Seal
Eye color: Blue, Copper, Green, Hazel, Odd-eye
|Tendency to Vocalize|
It is no surprise that these longhaired beauts were originated in the cradle of civilization: Mesopotamia later was called Persia then eventually modern-day Iran. Through time, cat fanciers began to mold the Persian to its present-day appearance. Persians are elegant and sedate cats who are known for being quiet and sweet. Typically placid, it adapts quite well to apartment life. They prefer a serene home where they can lounge on your lap and be petted. Though Persians are affectionate, they are also discriminating. They reserve their attention for family members and those few guests whom they feel they can trust.
The Persian comes in two types: show and traditional. The show Persian has a round head enhanced with a thick ruff, small ears, a flat nose, big round copper eyes, a broad, short body with heavy boning atop short tree-trunk legs, and a thick, flowing plume of a tail. Meanwhile, the traditional Persian, also known as the Doll Face, does not have the extreme features of the show Persian, and his nose is a normal length, giving him a sweet expression. Both types have a long, glamorous coat that comes in many colors and patterns and both share the same wonderful personality. The Persian’s long luxurious coat with a silky texture requires daily attention.
Due to their brachycephalic feature, this facial conformation makes the breed prone to breathing difficulties, heat sensitivity, eye condition and dental malocclusions, meaning the teeth don’t mesh well together. They are also prone to hereditary health issues like Polycystic kidney disease. The risks may be worsened by obesity. Keeping a Siamese at an appropriate weight is one of the easiest way to prevent health disorders. Make the most preventive abilities to ensure a healthier and happier cat.
The Persian is high maintenance and requires daily attention. Their silky, shiny coat tangles more easily which is why they require daily combing using stainless steel to remove mats, tangles, and loose hair. In addition to daily combing, the Persian should also be bathed weekly. Trim the nails as needed, usually every 10 to 14 days. Due to their flat face, it must be cleaned regularly and carefully as tear stains can be deposited on the face. Brushing of teeth with vet-approved pet toothpaste and regular veterinary dental cleanings should be required.
Since Persian cats ranked low in terms of intelligence; they can be slow learners, which makes training quite difficult. You have to use special treats that your cat finds irresistible. Training a Persian cat requires some creativity and patience to make it less challenging. When it comes to Persians, there are two types of training. The first is litter training and the second is behavior training. While training, keep in mind that cats are naturally independent but punishment is never the answer to stubbornness. Punishment creates stress, and stress is one of the most common causes of problem behaviors in cats, including eliminating outside of the litter box and compulsive grooming. Persuasion, not punishment, is the key to training your cat. If you patiently practice and reward your cat with treats, you’ll soon have a cat who’s sitting on cue and purring contentedly.
Every pet needs some form of physical activity. Carrying out certain activities would help in maintaining the ideal body weight and at the same time, their muscles and bones become strong. But unlike dogs, cats only need a minimal amount of physical activities. It is recommended to scheduling playtime once or twice daily, with about 15 minutes per session. Other cat health and behavior experts offer similar recommendations, with the total amount of playtime ranging from 20 to 60 minutes daily.
Persian cats are slightly different than most breeds since they require a specific diet to prevent health issues and to keep their long luscious coats in good condition. Persian cats need a balanced diet that consists of both wet and dry foods. Protein is also very important for your Persian cat. Avoid giving your Persian cat chocolates, caffeine, grapes and raisins, onion, garlic, chives, alcohol, raw eggs, and milk as these can cause health issues. Dog food isn’t necessarily toxic for cats, it just isn’t healthy for them. These cats are recommended to have a well-balanced feed. Wet meals should be composed of around 52% daily calories of protein, 40% daily calories of fat, and 12.5% of daily calories from carbs. However, the quantity of food depend on its size, age, build, metabolism, and activity level. From age six months to maturity, most cats will do well when fed two times a day. Once the cat becomes an adult, at about one year, feeding once or twice a day is appropriate in most cases. Don’t forget to regularly provide clean and freshwater as it is crucial for your Persian cat’s diet and health.
- Persians have no hunting instincts. Having grown up indoors, Persian cats, unlike many of its fellow cats, have not developed a hunting instinct or a desire to go out on the streets to explore.
- Persian cats were used for barter. More specifically they were given in exchange for goods as they were considered very valuable for their beauty and good temperament.
- At Pelaqita Persians, a pet-quality Persian kitten costs between $900 and $2,000. Those kittens come spayed or neutered, and microchipped.